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Research Papers



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Title Speaker Presented Date Spreading
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Count= 154
May The Fourth Be With YouWor. Christopher Winston DouglasSouth Norfolk Lodge No. 3395/4/2021
A tongue-in-cheek comparison of Star Wars mythology to Masonic symbolism. The author wrote it by request in honor of the Lodge stated on May the 4th, to celebrate "May The Fourth Be With You".
The Diverse Grand Lodges of FranceWor. Christopher Winston Douglas69Virginia Research Lodge No. 17778/15/2020
An in-depth analysis of two dozen Grand Lodges, Supreme Councils, and other Masonic obediences that have existed in France going back over 300 hundred years. Includes a timeline of how they overlap and interact with each other. This paper was presented during a Zoom meeting and includes PowerPoint slides.
The First American CitizenWor. Michael D. Johnstone12Norfolk Valley Scottish Rite8/16/2018
Wor. Johnstone, Valley Americanism Chairman, presents a history of our most famous Mason and President, George Washington.
Zoroaster and the Symbolism of the 32nd DegreeWor. Christopher Winston Douglas91Norfolk Valley Scottish Rite7/19/2018
Details the history and philosophy of Zoroastrianism and how it is an integral part of the 32nd degree. Describes the meanings of many of the symbols depicted in this degree.
Masonry, A Well Spent LifeWor. Christopher Winston Douglas1Norfolk Valley Scottish Rite9/15/2016
Discusses how to plan your Masonic career over the course of several decades.
Rudyard KiplingWor. Christopher Winston DouglasOcean View Lodge No. 3359/2/2016
A short biography of Brother Rudyard Kipling, and his most famous Masonic Poem, "The Mother-Lodge".
Social Media and MasonryWor. Christopher Winston Douglas59South Norfolk Lodge No. 3398/2/2016
Describes in detail the various types of social media and how to use them to create an outreach program for a Lodge.
Remember now thy CreatorWor. Christopher Winston Douglas84Ocean View Lodge No. 3356/10/2016
An explanation of Ecclesiastes 12, verse 1 through 7, recited by the Chaplain during the Master Mason degree.
Rights of VisitationWor. Christopher Winston DouglasOcean View Lodge No. 3354/15/2016
This paper was based on numerous conversations with new members, explaining what a Lodge and Grand Lodge are, some of our history, as well as explaining how to visit other Lodges.
Young George Washington and The Lodge at FredericksburgWor. Daniel Wilson Thompson65Virginia Research Lodge No. 17773/5/2016
An exploration of two separate but related topics: First, The Lodge at Fredericksburg and second, one of its most famous members, George Washington …... young George Washington.
What is a Research LodgeWor. Christopher Winston Douglas2Ocean View Lodge No. 3352/19/2016
Describes what a Research Lodge is, and how to find more information about attending one.
Faith Hope and CharityWor. Christopher Winston DouglasOcean View Lodge No. 3359/11/2015
Discusses the concepts of Faith, Hope, and Charity from the lectures, what the meaning of these terms are, and how we can apply them in our daily lives as men and as Masons.
The Virginia Craftsmen IIRt. Wor. Thomas Lee VarnerVirginia Research Lodge No. 17779/27/2008
A second paper on the history of the Virginia Craftsmen, a group of Virginia Masons who dressed in Civil War uniforms and conferred Masonic Degrees across the Commonwealth.
Preface to Volume IVRt. Wor. Richard K. Thompson-1A. Douglas Smith Jr. Lodge of Research No. 19499/6/2004
Note from the Editor Volume IVWor. G. William Miller-1A. Douglas Smith Jr. Lodge of Research No. 19499/2/2004
Preface to Volume IIIWor. Kwame Acquaah-1A. Douglas Smith Jr. Lodge of Research No. 194912/20/2003
Note from the Editor Volume IIIWor. G. William Miller-1A. Douglas Smith Jr. Lodge of Research No. 194912/20/2003
Athelstan, First King of All EnglandWor. Daniel J. Thompson36Virginia Research Lodge No. 17779/27/2003
King Athelstan begins the Constitution of Masonry as adopted by the Grand Lodge of Virginia in 1791. This paper will discuss the historical Athelstan, his lasting influence on English history and explore his legendary ties to the Masonic fraternity.
The Virginia CraftsmenWor. Keith A. Hinerman35Virginia Research Lodge No. 17776/28/2003
The original paper on the history of the Virginia Craftsmen, a group of Virginia Masons who dressed in Civil War uniforms and conferred Masonic Degrees in Virginia, other states, and other countries. Based on  "Brotherhood in Action!" by Allen E. Roberts.
Are Lodge Meetings Supposed To Be EnjoyableMt. Ex. George B. Yeates34Virginia Research Lodge No. 17773/15/2003
A humorous admonition to keep Lodge meetings interesting and enjoyable, and not settle for simply reading the minutes and going home.
William Moseley Brown - The Man and His MasonryRt. Wor. Baldwin G. Locher, Jr.33Virginia Research Lodge No. 177712/14/2002
A brief biography of the many accomplishments of William Moseley Brown, who served as Grand Master, Grand High Priest, and Grand Commander of Virginia; in addition to being active in many other Masonic bodies.
Virginia Lodge HistoriesMt. Wor. William Franklin Perdue32Virginia Research Lodge No. 177710/5/2002
Excerpts from a book commissioned by the Grand Lodge of Virginia about the History of Freemasonry. Provides interesting anecdotes of Masons and Lodges in the Commonwealth of Virginia.
Masonry the Past, Present, and FutureRt. Wor. Joseph P. Westfall Jr.31Virginia Research Lodge No. 17776/22/2002
Discusses the secret societies that populated America at the turn of the last century, how most have disappeared and all that Masonry has to say for itself is that it is still here.
Black FreemasonryRt. Wor. Douglas T. Boynton30Virginia Research Lodge No. 17773/9/2002
Explains the history of Prince Hall Masonry, the moral standards demanded by Prince Hall Masons of their members, and concludes with the current recognition of the Prince Hall Grand Lodge of Virginia.
Masonry in the Federal DistrictMt. Wor. Stewart Wilson MinerA. Douglas Smith Jr. Lodge of Research No. 19499/29/2001
Using the World Wide Web for Conducting Masonic ResearchWor. Paul S. NewhallA. Douglas Smith Jr. Lodge of Research No. 19496/30/2001
The Grange Ritual - A Masonic HarvestRt. Wor. Douglas L. Jordan29Virginia Research Lodge No. 17776/23/2001
The Patrons of Husbandry (The Grange) is a fraternal organization for farmers established by Oliver Hudson Kelley, a farmer and Mason. This paper explores how the lessons of our Fraternity could be redone using farm implements instead of stonemason tools.
Religious Freedom In Early VirginiaWor. John ShroederA. Douglas Smith Jr. Lodge of Research No. 19493/31/2001
The Times They Are A ChanginWor. John ShroederA. Douglas Smith Jr. Lodge of Research No. 19493/31/2001
Fingerprint Based Background Checks to Protect Vulnerable PersonsWor. James LoudermilkA. Douglas Smith Jr. Lodge of Research No. 19493/31/2001
What Does Free MeanWor. John ShroederA. Douglas Smith Jr. Lodge of Research No. 194912/16/2000
There is no clear explanation as to why we use the terms "Freemasonry" and "Masonry" interchangeably. The author provides a brief exploration of the uses of the term "Free" throughout history, and provides several possible reasons why it became attached to Masonry.
The Importance of Research LodgesMt. Wor. Richard E. FletcherA. Douglas Smith Jr. Lodge of Research No. 194912/16/2000
In this paper, the author reflect on a topic many Masons have lamented about: The decline in membership since World War II. He then addresses the overall lack of Masonic Education within our Lodges, and the importance of ensuring that every Mason, not just new members, be more informed about Masonry. Finally, he addresses the vital importance of Research Lodges in filling this void of Masonic Education and makes several recommendations for Research Lodges to adopt.
John DoveMt. Ex. Robert Stanley Hughes, Jr.28Virginia Research Lodge No. 177712/9/2000
A well-researched biography of the life, work, and Masonic career of one of the most famous Virginia Masons, John Dove. He served as Grand Secretary/Recorder of the Grand Lodge, Grand Royal Arch Chapter, and Grand Commandery.
Seven Habits of Highly Effective People - A ReviewWor. John ShroederA. Douglas Smith Jr. Lodge of Research No. 19499/30/2000
This is a book review of "Seven Habits Of Highly Effective People"
By Dr. Stephen Covey. The reviewer takes these seven points and frames them in a way they can be applied to Masonry, and thus become Highly Effective Masons.
The Challenges of Past MastersMt. Wor. Donald M. Robey, MPSA. Douglas Smith Jr. Lodge of Research No. 19499/30/2000
In this brief presentation, the author addresses the issue of what a Worshipful Master can and should do with himself when he leaves the East. He also mentions the Past Masters Association of the District of Columbia as a good example of how to keep Past Masters plugged in and supporting their Lodges.
George Washington's Masonic CareerMt. Ex. William A. Brown27Virginia Research Lodge No. 17776/24/2000
A letter from Washington explaining why he became a Mason, his Royal Arch membership, his Honorary Membership, and his appointment as Grand Master AND General Grand Master.

Also presented to A. Douglas Smith Lodge of Research No. 1949 on 7/31/1999.
Whither Are We TravelingWor. Nelson King, FPS25Virginia Research Lodge No. 17776/24/2000
Examines the decline in our Lodges, how we sell Masonry too cheap and offer little to new members, and how this is not a recent problem. Talks about Traditional Observance Lodges in Australia and Canada and asks why they wouldn't work here in America.
Research LodgesWor. John Shroeder26Virginia Research Lodge No. 17776/24/2000
A brief discussion of the several Research Lodges in Virginia, using Rt. Wor. Paul Bessel's guide to research papers with an explanation of using that guide.
The Murdered Magicians - A ReviewWor. John ShroederA. Douglas Smith Jr. Lodge of Research No. 19495/29/2000
This is a book review of "The Murdered Magicians, The Templars And Their Myths" By Dr. Peter Partner. The Magicians in question refer to the Knights Templar, who were accused of black magic and witchcraft by the Inquisition. The review explores the reason for these charges and examines the infighting between King Phillip the Fair and several popes leading up to the execution of Jacques DeMolay. The book puts a bit of a different spin on a story that many Masons and DeMolays are quite familiar with.
The Seventh SignBro. Sean O’NeillA. Douglas Smith Jr. Lodge of Research No. 19494/29/2000
In this paper, the author presents several classic myths from various cultures and compares and contrasts them to the Hiramic legend as presented in Freemasonry.
Freemasonry in Winchester During the Civil WarWor. Jeffrey G. Burcham24Virginia Research Lodge No. 17773/18/2000
Provides details of how the Civil War affected the activities of Winchester Hiram Lodge, including a visit from a well-known Masonic President, William McKinley. Describes the beautiful Masonic frescoes painted in the lodge room.
The Royal Arch of Zerubbabel and the Royal Arch of SolomonWor. John Shroeder132A. Douglas Smith Jr. Lodge of Research No. 19491/29/2000
The author examines the origins and similarities between the The Royal Arch Of Solomon, the 13th Degree as conferred in the Scottish Rite, and the The Royal Arch Of Zerubbabel, or just the Royal Arch Degree, as conferred as the final degree of the Royal Arch Chapter in the York Rite.
Suggestions About How To Do Interesting and Informative Masonic ResearchRt. Wor. Paul M. BesselA. Douglas Smith Jr. Lodge of Research No. 19491/29/2000
The author lists ten points that will improve your ability to research and write an effective paper about any Masonic subject. This paper is a "how-to" on gathering information and organizing it. It should be read by everyone who wants to start writing a research paper.

Another paper, Research Lodges by Wor. John Shroeder, was delivered in June of 2000 based on this paper.
The Middle Chamber and the Ethic of Self ImprovementBro. W. Kirk Crady23Virginia Research Lodge No. 177712/11/1999
This paper consists of two things: a report on an experiment in Masonic education undertaken in January 1996 at Widow's Sons' Lodge in Charlottesville, and a rationale for an ethic of self-improvement as revealed in the experience of our second degree.
Masonic Symbols and EmblemsMt. Ex. William A. Brown131A. Douglas Smith Jr. Lodge of Research No. 194910/30/1999
The author examines the origins of the square and compasses, how they have appeared numerous times in history before the first Lodges were even formed, how few Masons understand their true meaning, and how we should use them today.
Hidden Masonic LessonsWor. Samuel L. Cochran22Virginia Research Lodge No. 17779/25/1999
What are the lessons taught by the Masonic degrees and how can we apply them to our daily lives?
Century-Ending DilemmasMt. Wor. Stewart Wilson Miner21Virginia Research Lodge No. 17779/25/1999
The author talks about the upcoming Y2K scare and explores several "double-zero" issues he sees in Masonry that need to be addressed.
Masonic Symbolism - Thoughts on Its Philosophical SourceWor. W. Kirk MacNulty20Virginia Research Lodge No. 17776/19/1999
An in-depth look at Masonic Tracing Boards and their symbolism, which demonstrates that Freemasonry is a profoundly noble view of humankind, which deserves to be taught once again.
The Forgotten Mother of Our CountryMt. Ex. William A. Brown129A. Douglas Smith Jr. Lodge of Research No. 19495/29/1999
This paper provides more light on the history of Mary Ball Washington, the mother of George Washington. The author makes the claim that Mary deserves credit for saving George Washington and in effect, saving our country.
The Underground RailroadProf. Edward Smith130A. Douglas Smith Jr. Lodge of Research No. 19495/29/1999
The author speaks about the Underground Railroad and intends to draw connections to Masonry, but in the end he simply says, "Of course Masons would have been involved", without providing any evidence. He also speaks about how the Cotton Gin affected the treatment of slaves and postulates how slavery might well have ended on it's own without the Civil War.
Selected History of Widows Sons LodgeRt. Wor. Robert E. Simpson17Virginia Research Lodge No. 17773/27/1999
Selections from a new book detailing the 200 year history of the Lodge, including four Grand Masters, interactions with Presidents and Civil War Generals, and community leaders. Also discusses Moon Lodges, of which over 200 Virginia Lodges once were.
Neo-Platonism and the Royal Arch Triple TauWor. W. Kirk MacNulty128A. Douglas Smith Jr. Lodge of Research No. 19491/30/1999
In this paper, the author introduces the Greek philosopher Plotinus and his thinking on whether God has limitations. He then expands on neo-Platonism, and puts forth an argument that this philosophy is expressed mathematically in the English Royal Arch Degree, especially with regard to the Triple Tau and the five Platonic Bodies.
Preserving the Heritage, Building the Future - A Call To ActionMt. Wor. Edmund M. Cohen127A. Douglas Smith Jr. Lodge of Research No. 194912/19/1998
The author begins by noting that Freemasonry faces several challenges and has very vocal critics. He then identifies those critics, and the very reason why they are so set against us. Finally, he lays out a plan of action that tackles this difficult problem, while holding onto the ideals without which, we would ceased to be Freemasonry and become something else altogether.
Tabernacle, Temple, SelfBro. Joseph P. Gardner16Virginia Research Lodge No. 177712/12/1998
A detailed description of the tabernacle, or tent, used by Moses to house the Ark of the Covenant while in the desert; and the rich designs of Solomon's Temple which was built as it's permanent home.
Masonic Symbols, Physical And ConceptualMt. Wor. Edmund M. Cohen126A. Douglas Smith Jr. Lodge of Research No. 194910/31/1998
The author provides an explanation of why symbolism is used to hide a deeper meaning and provides several examples outside of Masonry. He then delves into some of our better known symbols and shares some of those deeper meanings. Far from being hidden truths, most of what he presents is openly explained in our public and private ceremonies.
Freemasonry in EnglandMt. Ex. George B. Yeates15Virginia Research Lodge No. 17779/26/1998
An explanation of how Freemasonry increased dramatically in England during the 18th and 19th centuries and the attraction it held for the middle class.
Color SymbolismWor. John Shroeder125A. Douglas Smith Jr. Lodge of Research No. 19498/29/1998
This paper explores the various colors used in Blue Lodges and in our appendant bodies, and the symbolic meanings. It also delves into Jung's theory that man has developed an intellectual conscious mind that hides our primitive, emotional unconscious mind. By joining the two together, we reach a higher state of being.
Anti-Masonry and our ResponseWor. Wallace Edmund McLeod, Ph.D.14Virginia Research Lodge No. 17776/27/1998
Describes in depth the charges leveled against Masonry by various religious organizations and handily refutes them.  Recommends that Brothers should speak out and defend the craft.
Masonic Titles Their Use And MisuseRt. Wor. Chris Dains124A. Douglas Smith Jr. Lodge of Research No. 19495/30/1998
This short paper contains commentary on the namesake of the Lodge of Research (NOT a Research Lodge), the process of writing a research paper, how the Shrine is not a Masonic Order but an organization of Masons, whether a Master may make innovations in Masonry, and finally about the misuse of "Worshipful Master" as opposed to simply "Master of the Lodge" or "Master in 1996".
The Rise and Decline of Masonic FlasksWor. Jeffrey G. Burcham13Virginia Research Lodge No. 177712/13/1997
A history of Masonic flasks manufactured by glass works and popular in the early 1800s. Also provides details about the Anti-Masonic party and it's possible cause of the decline of their use.
Grand Lodge RecognitionsMt. Wor. Donald M. Robey, MPS122A. Douglas Smith Jr. Lodge of Research No. 194912/13/1997
This short presentation by Mt. Wor Robey describes the efforts he made to obtain a up-to-date chart of all Grand Lodges in the world and which Grand Lodges they recognized.
Regular LodgesMt. Wor. Donald M. Robey, MPS123A. Douglas Smith Jr. Lodge of Research No. 194912/13/1997
This short presentation by Mt. Wor Robey was the second one that evening, where he continues his topic of recognition and explores what defines a Regular Lodge and a Regular Grand Lodge and the process by which Grand Lodges recognize each other. He also gives a brief history of where recognition of Grand Lodges became complicated, such as after World War II when Freemasonry emerged after being banned by Axis powers.
OpportunitiesBro. Robert D. Springer10Virginia Research Lodge No. 17779/27/1997
Brother Robert Springer, a career Air Force Officer, recounts the numerous opportunities that Masonry and military service offered him in his life, and calls on all Masons to provide that opportunity to those who should join us.
A Little Bit O'AllenMt. Wor. Richard E. Fletcher9Virginia Research Lodge No. 17776/28/1997
Mt. Wor. Fletcher, Past Grand Master of Vermont, recounts selected works from the prolific writer Allen E. Roberts following his untimely death. He speaks of the efforts of the Masonic Information Center to keep Masons informed about our history.
A Memorial Tribute To Allen Earl RobertsMt. Wor. Lloyd Ulrich Jefferson8Virginia Research Lodge No. 17773/22/1997
A fond tribute to the life and work of Allen E. Roberts, a prolific Masonic author and long time Secretary of Virginia Research Lodge.
Benjamin Franklin - MasonRt. Wor. Clarence E. Whitley7Virginia Research Lodge No. 177712/14/1996
A biography of one of our most famous Masons, Benjamin Franklin, his early years, his service to our country, and his Masonic career.
Regularity, Recognition, and Fraternal RelationsRt. Wor. Mickey Ander121A. Douglas Smith Jr. Lodge of Research No. 194912/7/1996
This short paper covers a blend of items recently discussed during refreshment, after a meeting of the A.D. Smith, Jr., Lodge of Research, on the general topic of "Recognition". We thought that you too might be interested in the subject. So, we developed a list of definitions, compiled our views, and packaged them together with an index of authoritative sources for further inquiry, research, and profitable discussion.
Masonic Tracing BoardsWor. W. Kirk MacNulty120A. Douglas Smith Jr. Lodge of Research No. 19494/30/1996
This paper examines three popular tracing boards from the 19th century that were used in Masonic Lodges as part of the degrees. The author explains the symbolism and metaphysical significance of the images used in these tracing boards.
Scripted Debate on Classes, Voting, and CatechismBro. Glenn Cross119A. Douglas Smith Jr. Lodge of Research No. 19499/30/1995
This presentation is a well-planned discussion of three potentially controversial issues, where the "pro" and "con" for each issue is presented. It would be a good program for a Lodge that would allow any number of members to read a part and participate.
Another Look at the TrestleboardMt. Wor. Ralph L. Haltquist6Virginia Research Lodge No. 17779/23/1995
Using the Trestleboard to build Solomon's Temple, to form the Grand Lodge of England, and in our Lodges today. Enumerating the Ancient Landmarks, whether they should be enumerated or still considered Landmarks at all.
Abraham Lincoln and FreemasonryRt. Wor. Paul M. Bessel118A. Douglas Smith Jr. Lodge of Research No. 19497/29/1995
This well-researched paper presents evidence that Abraham Lincoln was well aware of Masonry and was approached on numerous occasions about becoming a Mason. It also notes the various Masons in Lincoln's circle, and that every candidate for President in 1860 was a Mason save Lincoln. It also gives several reasons why he declined to petition, but it is likely he would have after completing his time as President, had he not been assassinated.
Why There's Confusion Among The WorkmenMt. Wor. John A. Anagnostis5Virginia Research Lodge No. 17776/24/1995
The author compares Northern and Southern English with humorous results, explains the importance of reaching younger Masons and ensuring we bring about necessary change together, and provides several examples of Masons living up to their obligations.
It Came to PassMt. Ex. William A. Brown117A. Douglas Smith Jr. Lodge of Research No. 19494/29/1995
This is a a two-act play with narrations on the formation of the Grand Lodge of Virginia. It is meant to be performed before a Lodge, preferably in costume, with sections that may be narrated to the Lodge.
The Mounties and MasonryWor. Nelson King, FPS4Virginia Research Lodge No. 17773/25/1995
Wor. King, a Canadian Mason, gives a detailed history of the ties between Masonry and the Royal Canadian Mounted Police, including his lifetime fascination with the RCMP.
Addressing the Membership Crisis in VirginiaMt. Wor. Thomas F. May3Virginia Research Lodge No. 177712/10/1994
The Grand Master of Masons in Virginia spoke on the membership crisis we are experiencing and described the twenty three point plan he instituted to address it.
Quarterly Bulletins 1994Rt. Wor. Allen E. Roberts111Virginia Research Lodge No. 177712/10/1994
At one time, Virginia Research Lodge issued Quarterly Bulletins to its members. In the 1994 Transactions, a sampling of these Bulletins from previous years were included.  They were written by Allen E. Roberts (the Secretary) unless otherwise noted. They are presented here as a "bonus" research paper.
History of Freemasonry and the Development of the 15 Original English Masonic LecturesMt. Ex. William A. Brown116A. Douglas Smith Jr. Lodge of Research No. 194910/29/1994
The author presents 15 Masonic Lectures transcribed by Dr. Desagulier in 1719, used by the Grand Lodge of England. The author speculates that these lectures were the source of the lectures given at the end of the three degrees in the Blue Lodge.
The Price of FreemasonryRt. Wor. Clayton M. Robertson110Virginia Research Lodge No. 17779/24/1994
The speaker gave off-the-cuff remarks, presenting a brief overview of the persecution of Masons during WW2, which led to a lengthy discussion by the members present about Anti-Masonry. An Addendum with more details was provided in the Transactions, and has been included here.
What of TomorrowRt. Wor. Thomas W. Jackson109Virginia Research Lodge No. 17776/25/1994
The author examines the reason for our decline in membership, and asserts we must focus on quality, not quantity. A great organization that demands more will attract great men, while an organization that lowers its standards to match society must die out, and deservedly so.
Reflections On A SpotlightWor. John Shroeder115A. Douglas Smith Jr. Lodge of Research No. 19494/30/1994
The author refutes the charges made against Freemasonry on the Southern Maryland Christian Information System (SMCIS) electronic bulletin board in 1994. These allegations rely on taking numerous passages by Albert Pike and other Masonic authors out of context to make their argument, that Masonry is secretly a Satanic cult and incompatible with being a Christian.
Whence Came You - A New Look at an Old QuestionBro. Richard T. McGrath108Virginia Research Lodge No. 17773/26/1994
The author makes the argument that early Masonry did indeed evolve from operative stonemasons into our speculative art, and that right up until the formation of the Grand Lodge of England, all Masons were required to be Christians. This requirement has evolved over time into simply requiring a belief in a Supreme Being.
Examination of VisitorsWor. Michael Pobat114A. Douglas Smith Jr. Lodge of Research No. 19491/29/1994
A presentation (requires several actors) to be given in a Lodge explaining how to receive a visitor to your Lodge. This would be a fun and educational program for a Lodge to present.
Research Into The True Name Of The Grand Lodge Of VirginiaMt. Wor. Donald M. Robey, MPS113A. Douglas Smith Jr. Lodge of Research No. 194912/18/1993
This paper details the findings of two select committees, of the Grand Lodge of Virginia, and of Virginia Research Lodge No. 1777, who were tasked to determine the true name of our Grand Lodge. It also explores the validity of the term "Ancient Free and Accepted Masons" when our Lodges have no claim to that term.
The 200th Anniversary of the Grand Lodge of Virginia - Behind the ScenesRt. Wor. Allen E. Roberts107Virginia Research Lodge No. 177712/11/1993
The author, who produced a film for the bicentennial of our grand lodge, gives us insight in to the various workings and missteps that when into producing this historic event.
Washington Memorial ExercisesMt. Wor. Norman L. Hoff, Sr.112A. Douglas Smith Jr. Lodge of Research No. 194910/30/1993
This paper detailed the incredible efforts by the Grand Lodge of Colorado, specifically Past Grand Master Roger Williams Woodbury, to plan and execute the Centennial Memorial observation for Brother and President George Washington in 1899. This memorial was coordinated among all the U.S. Grand Lodges.
The Urgency of Masonic EducationMt. Wor. Royal C. Scofield106Virginia Research Lodge No. 17779/25/1993
In this paper, the author asserts that we need to make Masonic education the focus of our Lodges. If we do not strike a light in the hearts of the new members who joined our Lodge, then they will fall away from Masonry. In addition, the younger members are usually the source of new petitions, so it is doubly important.
Preface to Volume IIWor. Edwin R. Carpenter Jr.-1A. Douglas Smith Jr. Lodge of Research No. 19497/15/1993
Evolution of the RitualWor. Wallace Edmund McLeod, Ph.D.105Virginia Research Lodge No. 17776/26/1993
In this paper, the author describes in detail various versions of the ritual that are hundreds of years old noting how much the ritual has changed throughout the years. He also makes an argument for the now discredited theory that our craft evolved from operative trade lodges and guilds in Europe into what is now known as Freemasonry.
Origin of the Regius PoemMt. Wor. Floren Quick102A. Douglas Smith Jr. Lodge of Research No. 19495/29/1993
This paper provides a detailed history of the Regius Poem, also known as the Hollowell Manuscript, the earliest document confirmed to have been written about the formation of Masonic Lodges. The author prefaces the history with his own speculation about how this document originated, as the true origin of this famous document is still unclear.
Freemasonry and the ChurchMt. Wor. Cabell F. Cobbs104Virginia Research Lodge No. 17773/27/1993
This is another paper addressing the attacks upon Freemasonry by the Southern Baptist convention and other evangelical Christian churches. The author in exquisite detail lays out the lies 1/2 truths and misquoting used by our religious enemies to reveal the truth about Freemasonry.
The Letter GWor. S. Brent Morris101A. Douglas Smith Jr. Lodge of Research No. 19491/30/1993
The author tackles the common misconception by anti-Masonic writers that our craft is devoted to Paganism by twisting the words of Mackey and Pike. He explains the similarities and offers a more reasonable conclusion.
Grand Master's Jewel - Fact Fable or FantasyRt. Wor. Robert E. Simpson103Virginia Research Lodge No. 177712/12/1992
The author continues to investigate claims from earlier research papers about the origins of the Grand Master's Jewel, whether it was actually crafted for George Washington, and when it was first used. This is the third research paper in Virginia Research Lodge on this subject.
Saint John The BaptistWor. Roger W. Peak100A. Douglas Smith Jr. Lodge of Research No. 194910/31/1992
This paper is a biography of the life of John the Baptist, drawing on both biblical and historical sources. It attempts to justify why John the Baptist is one of our patron saints, and how his life reflects Masonic principles.
Answering Our Religious CriticsMt. Wor. Forrest D. Haggard98Virginia Research Lodge No. 17779/26/1992
This paper addresses the problem of various religious groups that condemn Masonry as being a false religion, when in truth we do not claim to be a religion at all. The author recommends steps we should take to defend our craft against these unfounded allegations.
The Cradle Of The American RevolutionAlexandria Scottish Rite99A. Douglas Smith Jr. Lodge of Research No. 19498/29/1992
A play presented by the Alexandria Scottish Rite that explores the popular theory of how Masons had taken an active role in the Boston Tea Party in 1773, even to go so far as to planning the execution of the raid within a Masonic Lodge.
Two Strange Words in Freemasonry - Hele and LewisMt. Ex. George B. Yeates97Virginia Research Lodge No. 17776/27/1992
This paper explores the origin, pronunciation, and meaning of two words in our craft: Hele, and Lewis.
The American DoctrineMt. Wor. Stewart Wilson Miner96Virginia Research Lodge No. 17773/21/1992
The concept of a Grand Lodge having sovereign jurisdiction of all Lodges that fall within their prescribed territory is known as "The American Doctrine". The author provides detailed examples of exceptions to the doctrine, as well as conflicts between different Grand Lodges over several issues. It concludes with an analysis of the current state of recognition of Prince Hall Grand Lodges in America.
The Bulls of RomeRt. Wor. Herbert M. Hartlove95Virginia Research Lodge No. 177712/14/1991
This paper explores the various papal bulls issued by the Catholic Church condemning Freemasonry and denying Catholics the opportunity to join. It details numerous incidents where the Church has attacked Freemasonry as a Satanic organization that seeks to subvert and overthrow the Church, and forbids its members from being or remaining Masons.
Freemasonry and its CriticsBro. John J. Robinson94Virginia Research Lodge No. 17779/28/1991
This is an edited version of an address given by the author of Born in Blood, John J. Robinson, to Virginia Research Lodge. He goes into great detail about the central premise of his book and justifies his conclusions about the origin of our craft. He talks at length about the Catholic Church and the reasons they were and are so opposed to Freemasonry. He then answered several questions from the Lodge.
Masonic Education - A Subject Too Often OverlookedMt. Wor. Richard E. Fletcher92Virginia Research Lodge No. 17776/22/1991
This paper address the greatest deficiency in Freemasonry: the lack of proper Masonic education. In modern Masonry, we rely entirely on ritual and do not make an effort to teach our members what Masonry is about, where it came from, and why they became a Mason in the first place.
Mozarts Other Masonic OperaDr. Roger M. Firestone93A. Douglas Smith Jr. Lodge of Research No. 19493/30/1991
A literary review of two of Mozart's operas that have Masonic references. The first, "The Magic Flute", is much better known as having Masonic symbolism, while the other is "The Abduction From the Seraglio". An interesting exploration of how Mozart wove not only Masonic initiation ceremonies, but how a Mason should act in his daily life, into his work.
The Greatest and Best - Brother John MarshallWor. Thomas P. Tignor90Virginia Research Lodge No. 17773/23/1991
This paper is a detailed biography of a Past Grand Master of Virginia and a Supreme Court Justice of the United States, John Marshall. It describes his early years, his marriage to his wife, his military career and his lengthy service to the craft.
Masonry And ReligionMt. Ex. Thomas E. Weir89Virginia Research Lodge No. 177712/8/1990
Mt. Ex. Weir presents a paper on the history of the Catholic Church with regards to Masonry and the roots of their condemnation of our craft. He then explores the Royal Arch ritual referring to "Ju-Bal-On" and whether we should change our ritual to longer reference pagan deities, a major source of contention among religious groups for Masonry.

This paper was also presented in A. Douglas Smith Jr. Lodge of Research No. 1949 on Aug 31st 1991.
DiscriminationMt. Wor. Marvin E. Fowler 85Virginia Research Lodge No. 17779/22/1990
This paper addresses the topic of discrimination, not in the negative sense of racial discrimination, but in the positive sense of how Masons must be discriminating in the quality of men we let join the Fraternity and be discriminating in our behavior.
The BibleMt. Ex. William A. Brown88A. Douglas Smith Jr. Lodge of Research No. 19499/15/1990
This paper explores the origins of the Holy Bible, one of the Three Great Lights in Masonry. The author explains how Masons had a role to play in the creation of the King James version of the Bible.
Charles A. Lindbergh - Man, Mason, AmericanDr. Roger M. Firestone87A. Douglas Smith Jr. Lodge of Research No. 19496/30/1990
A detailed biography of Charles Lindbergh, the first pilot to fly a solo flight across the Atlantic. Details his upbringing, his famous flight, his time as an engineer, the kidnapping of his son, and his unfortunate endorsement of Nazi Germany which tarnished his public reputation. Little is said of his Masonic life other than joining a lodge at 24 years old.
Freemasonry And JudaismRt. Wor. Paul M. Bessel86A. Douglas Smith Jr. Lodge of Research No. 19493/31/1990
This paper explores the history of Jews entering Freemasonry and the resistance they encountered in being accepted into the Fraternity. It also describes the similarities between us and the persecution that Masonry and Jews experienced together, back in history and also in modern times.
Thomas Jefferson and a Masonic CeremonyBro. Lewis A. Martin, Jr.83Virginia Research Lodge No. 17779/23/1989
This paper provides great detail about the cornerstone laying of Central College in Charlottesville, which becomes the University of Virginia. Present were three U.S. Presidents, including Thomas Jefferson. The author then explores the rumor that Jefferson was a Mason, and ends up concluding that he was not based all evidence available.
Alpha Lodge No 116Bro. J. Hampton Harley, MPS79A. Douglas Smith Jr. Lodge of Research No. 19498/16/1989
In the late 1800s, a movement was afoot to bring black men into our Grand Lodges, which met with a good deal of resistance. This paper reveals the history of Alpha Lodge in New Jersey and an early attempt to integrate American Masonry.
George Washington's Greatest MistakeWor. Richard H. Curtis82Virginia Research Lodge No. 17776/24/1989
This paper examines the idea that George Washington was asked to be the first General Grand Master of the United States, and he declined. The author recommends strongly that all U.S. Grand Lodges should form a General Grand Lodge to act as a single voice for American Masonry when speaking with the profane world.
The Office Of District Deputy Grand MasterMt. Wor. Lloyd Ulrich Jefferson78A. Douglas Smith Jr. Lodge of Research No. 19494/29/1989
This Position Paper recalls the origins of the role of District Deputy Grand Master within the Grand Lodge of Virginia. It discusses whether the true purpose of the DDGM is no longer followed, and if the role is just an empty title. It also proposes a way to correct this problem and restore the role to it's rightful place within the Grand Lodge.
In Search of A VisionMt. Wor. William T. Watkins81Virginia Research Lodge No. 17773/25/1989
This paper speaks very critically of the problems we are facing in Masonry and the lack of vision and leadership from the Grand Officers of the Grand Lodge. He presents several recommendations to deal with these problems and highlights Mt. Wor. Cobbs' plans submitted in 1989 to address these issues.
The Grandest SecretaryMt. Ex. George B. Yeates80Virginia Research Lodge No. 177712/10/1988
The following is the transcript of a roast of our Lodge Secretary, Rt. Wor. Allen E. Roberts. This event occurred at our Annual Stated in 1988, in place of a research paper. Brother Roberts was completely unaware of the event until he was called up. The first speaker was George B. Yeates.
The Legend Of Hiram AbiffBro. Jerry Marsengill-1A. Douglas Smith Jr. Lodge of Research No. 194910/29/1988
This paper explores the real or imagined historical origins of the Hiramic legend from the Master Mason Degree. It delves into the purpose of the legend and what it tries to teach us.
ChangeMt. Wor. Cabell F. Cobbs77A. Douglas Smith Jr. Lodge of Research No. 19497/30/1988
This paper delves into the idea of change in Masonry, and how resistant Masons are to the very notion of change, even to save our organization.
Freemasonry Under AttackBro. Robert R. Collins, Jr.75Virginia Research Lodge No. 17776/25/1988
This paper concerns itself with the report,"Guidance to Methodists on Freemasonry," presented at the 1985 Methodist Conference in England. The report charges that Masonry is incompatible with Methodism and that Methodists who are Masons or might become one should reconsider.
Preface to Volume IMt. Ex. Richard B. Baldwin-1A. Douglas Smith Jr. Lodge of Research No. 19496/14/1988
A preface to the first Volume of Transactions for A. Douglas Smith Lodge of Research No. 1949. This is the first of many documents provided by that Lodge for our archives.
A Concise Study Of Freemasonry In FranceDr. Claude Harrison Harris76A. Douglas Smith Jr. Lodge of Research No. 19494/30/1988
This paper is an overview of the history of Masonry within the country of France. It lists the major grand bodies that govern French Masons.
George W. Wright PavilionRt. Wor. Robert E. Simpson74Virginia Research Lodge No. 17773/26/1988
This paper chronicles the George W. Wright Memorial Tubercular Pavilion at the Blue Ridge Sanatorium in Charlottesville, Virginia. The money raised by Virginia Masons for this act of charity is only exceeded by our Masonic Home.
Applied Masonic ResearchRt. Wor. John P. McIntyre68A. Douglas Smith Jr. Lodge of Research No. 19491/30/1988
A presentation including George Washington and Benjamin Franklin about the events of the writing of the Constitution in 1787. This presentation was originally presented at Elmer Timberman Lodge #54.
Notes on Royal Arch Masonry in VirginiaWor. E. Robinson Lee73Virginia Research Lodge No. 177712/12/1987
This paper is a detailed study of the history and degrees of the Royal Arch Chapter, which in Virginia contains the Cryptic Degrees as well as the degree of the Holy Royal Arch.
The Masonic Witch Hunt of the 1980sMt. Ex. Thomas E. Weir60A. Douglas Smith Jr. Lodge of Research No. 194910/31/1987
A critical review of the THE BROTHERHOOD by Stephen Knight. The author (of the book) is quite critical of Freemasonry and indulges several conspiracy theories not based on fact. The author of the paper addresses these ideas and explains once again how Masonry is NOT a religion.
To Be Or Not to BeMt. Wor. William M. Johnson72Virginia Research Lodge No. 17779/26/1987
The author was on the Long Range Planning Committee for the Grand Lodge. His paper asks the question, "To be a Mason, or not to be a Mason?" Are we doing everything we can to make Masonry what it needs to be? If not, then it is for all of us to "Bring the line up to the standard!"
Masonry and the ConstitutionMt. Wor. Stewart Wilson Miner58A. Douglas Smith Jr. Lodge of Research No. 19498/29/1987
An analysis of the several Masons who participated in drafting the U.S. Constitution. Examines the political and philosophical influence of the newly formed Grand Lodge of England, and how these Masons did and did not use their Masonic experience in writing this first of it's kind document for the government of a new nation.
The Best of the BestRt. Wor. Allen E. Roberts71Virginia Research Lodge No. 17773/28/1987
Rt. Wor. Roberts was the author of the column "Through Masonic Windows" which appeared in two different Masonic publications for a number of years. He was asked to compile a list of his best columns to present as a paper.
What's OnMt. Ex. George B. Yeates70Virginia Research Lodge No. 177712/13/1986
This paper researches the origin of the proper noun "On" from Royal Arch ritual and finds a possible answer in ancient Egypt.
Methods Of Historical ResearchJoseph S. Gordon, Ph.D.57A. Douglas Smith Jr. Lodge of Research No. 194911/29/1986
A useful guide for a Mason interested in beginning to write research papers. Explains the fame of mind necessary, and details the various steps of gathering information, creating a bibliography, and developing a writing style for articles.
What Have You Done TodayRt. Wor. Tom Eggleston67Virginia Research Lodge No. 17776/13/1986
This paper explores the question, "Does Masonry still have a purpose in today's society?" The answer is a resounding yes, and the follow up question is, "What are you doing, TODAY, to bring that about?"
General And Brother Joshua L ChamberlainBro. Charles W. Plummer56A. Douglas Smith Jr. Lodge of Research No. 19495/30/1986
A history of Chamberlain’s life as a school teacher, a Mason, a highly decorated Civil War General, and four-time Governor of the state of Maine.
Resolution of Memoriam Alfred Douglas Smith JrMt. Wor. Lloyd Ulrich Jefferson-1A. Douglas Smith Jr. Lodge of Research No. 19493/29/1986
A memoriam in honor of A. Douglas Smith Jr.
The Perfect CubitMt. Wor. Lloyd Ulrich Jefferson66Virginia Research Lodge No. 17773/14/1986
This paper explores the concept of a "Perfect Cubit" used to build King Solomon's Temple. A cubit is a measurement of a man's arm, and there was no consistent length of a cubit among the different workmen of the Temple. Paper also presented in A. Douglas Smith Lodge that same year.
The Three Great LightsBro. Catlin E. Tyler64Virginia Research Lodge No. 177712/14/1985
This paper offers several symbolic meanings of the Square and Compasses as displayed on the Bible, including exactly how many degrees wide the Compasses are supposed to be and the reason for such.
A Declaration For Masonic ActionBro. Kenneth H. Hooley55A. Douglas Smith Jr. Lodge of Research No. 194911/30/1985
In light of the dramatic loss of membership in Grand Lodges nationwide, a very aggressive proposal of how to take action to correct this loss and return Masonry to its previous prominence in society.
Robert BurnsWor. George D. Stevens63Virginia Research Lodge No. 17779/28/1985
The tragically short history of the Poet Laureate of Scotland, Robert Burns. He is perhaps our most famous Masonic poet.
The Masonic Rods and StaffsWor. C. Richard Walk54A. Douglas Smith Jr. Lodge of Research No. 19496/29/1985
An analysis of rods and staffs in biblical and human history, and a brief program that illustrates how the movement of the Stewards and Deacons form our Masonic symbols.
The State of FreemasonryMt. Wor. Henry G. Law62Virginia Research Lodge No. 17776/22/1985
An analysis of the reasons for the decline in membership in the Fraternity, tying it to the austerity of those who lived through the Great Depression and the enormous influx of members following World War II. The author suggests a dramatic increase in dues to resolve the issue and restore our Lodges to their proper state.
Masonic Ritual In VirginiaRt. Wor. Samuel T. Atkinson53A. Douglas Smith Jr. Lodge of Research No. 19493/30/1985
A thorough study of the origins of Virginia Ritual, from our Mother Grand Lodges through the forming of the Grand Lodge of Virginia to the establishment of the Committee on Work and Grand Lecturers.
Masons' HallMt. Wor. L. Douglas Delano61Virginia Research Lodge No. 17773/23/1985
A detailed history of the oldest Masonic building in the United States, Masons' Hall, in Richmond. Originally the home of the first Lodges in Richmond, it is still in continuous use, and is nearly as old as the city of Richmond itself.
The Twofold Nature Of FreemasonryBro. Kenneth H. Hooley52A. Douglas Smith Jr. Lodge of Research No. 194912/15/1984
The author discusses the exoteric/external, the structure and ritual of our craft; and the esoteric/internal, the hidden meaning behind the ritual and symbolism. He discusses the origins of Freemasonry and our ties to the Rosicrucians.
Freemasonry And The Leaders Of Victorian EnglandMt. Ex. George B. Yeates51A. Douglas Smith Jr. Lodge of Research No. 19499/29/1984
An explanation of how speculative Masons began to join operative Lodges, and brief biographies of prominent Masons in the English nobility.
George Washington and the Virginia ConventionsMt. Wor. Donald M. Robey, MPS49Virginia Research Lodge No. 17779/22/1984
An analysis of the several conventions to form the Grand Lodge of Virginia and why George Washington was not asked to serve as our first Grand Master.
The First Tool EngineerRt. Wor. George L. Miller50A. Douglas Smith Jr. Lodge of Research No. 19496/30/1984
A brief story of the first Tool Engineer and the first Tool Engineering Educator, Tubal Cain.
John CoustosWor. Wallace Edmund McLeod, Ph.D.48Virginia Research Lodge No. 17776/23/1984
A detailed history of John Coustos, who was tortured by the Inquisition to obtain Masonic secrets. Information is provided about the many famous Masons in the Lodges he was a member and Master of.
Masonry Within The BeltwayMt. Wor. Stewart Wilson Miner46Virginia Research Lodge No. 17773/24/1984
The author examines the Lodges of Maryland, Virginia, and the District of Columbia that are found within the Beltway of Washington, D.C. He highlights their numerous problems and recommends a possible solution.
Advice to a LeaderRt. Wor. Allen E. Roberts47Virginia Research Lodge No. 177712/10/1983
An excerpt from an installation by the Grand Master of India, presented as advice to any Masonic leader on how to rule and govern.
Pulling Down IdolsWor. James Royal Case43Virginia Research Lodge No. 17779/24/1983
Off-the-cuff comments by the Grand Lecturer of Connecticut on common Masonic folklore reprinted in magazines, such as the number of Masons who signed the Declaration of Independence. Most are factually incorrect.
Ho, Companions!Mt. Wor. Stewart Wilson Miner45A. Douglas Smith Jr. Lodge of Research No. 19497/30/1983
The author examines the problems of Centralization, Legalization, Idolization and Depersonalization that threaten Freemasonry. He suggests the antidote is Fraternalization, if we are strong enough to take it.
Research and the Grand BodiesMt. Wor. Stewart Wilson Miner42Virginia Research Lodge No. 17776/25/1983
An in-depth analysis by a Past Grand Master of the lack of the Grand Lodge, Chapter, and Commandery to utilize research lodges to their full effectiveness and suggestions for improvement of research in general in Virginia Masonry.
Alfred Douglas SmithRt. Wor. Allen E. Roberts44A. Douglas Smith Jr. Lodge of Research No. 19491/29/1983
The first paper presented in A. Douglas Smith Jr. Lodge of Research No. 1949, in honor of the Mason it was named for.
The Jewel - Square or QuadrantMt. Wor. A. Douglas Smith, Jr.39Virginia Research Lodge No. 177712/11/1982
Past Grand Master A. Douglas Smith, Jr. elaborates on the legend of the Grand Master's jewel and his effort to disprove the common theory it was crafted for George Washington, when in truth it was made in 1911.
Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite of Free MasonryWor. Phillip V. Whitley37Virginia Research Lodge No. 17773/27/1982
A detailed history of the origins of the Mother Supreme Council of the Scottish Rite and the growth of Scottish Rite Masonry in Virginia.
YORKTOWN 1781 -- 1881 -- 1981Rt. Wor. Allen E. Roberts38Virginia Research Lodge No. 17779/26/1981
A study of George Washington and the battle of Yorktown, the climactic battle of the Revolutionary War. Also the centennial and bicentennial celebrations and the Grand Lodge's involvement.
Within Our PowerMt. Wor. Dwight L. Smith40Virginia Research Lodge No. 177712/13/1980
Brethren, let us address ourselves to ways whereby we, as Freemasons, can help to bring about the dawn of a better day for ourselves, and, in so doing, a better day for all mankind.

That's all very good – but how?
Levi L StevensonWor. Walter M. McCracken41Virginia Research Lodge No. 17773/29/1980
A biography of a prolific and active Mason, not only a Grand Master, Grand High Priest, and Grand Generalissimo, but the only Most Illustrious Grand Master of the short-lived Grand Council of Cryptic Masons in Virginia.
Here is a list of Papers that have been presented, but have not been made available for reading on the site.

​​Here is a list of Papers published by other Research Lodges and AMD Councils, they appear in the search at the top of this page.

Count= 5
The Battle of WaynesboroShelby L. ChandlerGeorge Washington Lodge of Research No. 17323/2/2015
On March 2, 2015, the Worshipful Master, Officers and Brethren of Lee Lodge No. 209, AF & AM, hosted the 150th anniversary of the Battle of Waynesboro at Constitution Park in Waynesboro, Virginia.
Freemasonry and the English Civil WarShelby L. ChandlerGeorge Washington Lodge of Research No. 17322/22/2015
Examines the conflict between Masons in England, Scotland, and Ireland at the time the Grand Lodge of England was founded.
Esoteric Symbolism of the Lafayette ApronJohn M. ParrishGeorge Washington Lodge of Research No. 17322/28/2014
The Lafayette Apron, a gift to George Washington, is a custom designed apron with nearly forty Masonic symbols and emblems sewn between the borders of the apron.
Military Lodges of FreemasonryShelby L. ChandlerGeorge Washington Lodge of Research No. 17325/13/2013
Explains the history of Military Lodges and how they express the principles of Masons meeting on the level.
Washington - Early EA or Fortunate FreemasonShelby L. ChandlerGeorge Washington Lodge of Research No. 173211/4/2012
Explores how George Washington, who was not a "Lewis", was allowed to receive his EA degree before the age of 21.